"The OIE Regional Animal Welfare Strategy (RAWS) for Asia provides a vision of “a region where the welfare of animals is respected, promoted and incrementally advanced, simulations with the pursuit of progress and socioeconomic development” - OIE Regional Animal Welfare Strategy (2008)
China is the world’s highest producer of farmed pork, chicken and eggs, with over half a billion pigs thought to be on farms, 20 million slaughtered per week, 5 billion chickens raised for slaughter per year and estimates of over 2,600 billion hens in battery cages (FAO, 2016).
In 2018 the number of swine on large-scale farms surpassed that of small-scale farms, resulting in an increase in Chinese pork production to 55 MMT (million tonnes). This 3% increase in production is expected to put a downward pressure on prices, which will lead to a decrease in imports an increase in exports, mainly to Hong Kong. (USDA, 2018)
Consumer demand for broilers dropped significantly in 2017 due to avian influenza concerns. An intensive H7 vaccination program began in July 2017, and consumer demand is increasing. However a lack of new genetic stock means production remains constrained. Broiler production is expected to increase during 2018 to 11.7 MMT. The reduction in grandparent stock has also led China’s poultry industry to further use forced-molting to increase egg production. (USDA, 2018)
China's beef production for 2018 is expected to increase by 1 percent to 7.4 MMT. Outpaced demand will lead to higher imports (USDA, 2018)
Livestock is a key sector in China's agriculture and a top priority target for rapid development and modernization in China's current 5-year plan.
China is the world’s largest livestock producer and consumer. China has more than 400 million cattle, sheep and goats, but pig and poultry meat and meat products are the most popular meat consumed in China. However, the consumption of beef and beef products, fresh milk and dairy products such as yogurt is increasing rapidly and is strongly encouraged by the Chinese government as a means of improving national health - especially for the elderly and the young through schemes such as the School Milk Program.
It is forecasted that China's consumption of meat and dairy products will continue to climb sharply due to a rising population, strong growth in per capita income, improvement in domestic meat and dairy production systems, greater access to meat and dairy products in the western and central parts of China due to better transportation and distribution systems, shifting consumption patterns and lower prices.
Key poultry production provinces: Shandong, Sichuan and Guangdong
Key pork production provinces: Sichuan, Hunan, Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Anhui and Yunnan
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Information from Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
*Image credit to http://livestock.geo-wiki.org
Section 7: Animal Welfare
Section 7: Animal Welfare link to download the code in Mandarin (Coming Soon)
Messages for improving animal welfare at slaughter and during transport, adapted from the OIE Animal Welfare Standards
Messages for improving poultry welfare during farming and slaughter
Messages for improving pig welfare during farming and slaughter
Complete workshop resource package for teaching industry stakeholders about the ‘Top Messages‘ for slaughter and transport
Complete workshop resource package for teaching industry stakeholders about the ‘Top Messages‘ for farming pigs and poultry
Further resources available on our resources page.
Professor Liao Xin Di is currently based in the College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University (SCAU), Guangzhou, China PR, and has specific research interests in environmental control and livestock health, and livestock manure management.
Dr Wang Yan has attained her PhD & is now an Associate Professor in College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University (SCAU), Guangzhou, China PR. Her research interests include environmental risk control of livestock pollutants, and livestock environment management.